Barglow writes that the first PTSD sufferer was
- Euripides wrote in the BCE time period, an important distinction. Without the BCE, this implies Euripides worked in the CE time period.
- Euripides worked in the fifth century BCE and wrote Heracles sometime between 421 and 416 BCE, when the play was first performed.
- Euripides did not create Heracles. Heracles was a preexisting character of Mycenaean origin. (Walter Burkert speculated that he was Neolithic in origin, but this cannot be proved.) I suppose Barglow meant “Euripides' characterization of Heracles in the fifth century BCE,” but this is not what he said.
- In the play, two goddesses (Iris and Madness) cause the insanity at the behest of a third (Hera).
- In Euripides’ play, Heracles kills his children after performing his Labors, but in most other versions of the myth, Heracles performs the Twelve Labors in penance for killing his children.
This is also false.
- “Arian” refers to the followers of Arius, a Christian heretic. “Aryan” is the name for the proposed conquerors of India. (Some older texts occasionally spell Aryan and Arian, but the Aryan spelling has been standard for more than 120 years.)
- The hypothetical Aryan invasion of India is highly controversial. The theory emerged in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries as a racist theory explaining how dark-skinned Indians came to possess mythology and languages related to the Indo-European myths and tongues of Europe. The evidence for the “invasion” is linguistic, and there is no archaeological evidence proving that the diffusion of Indo-European language and religion into Europe occurred via warfare instead of peaceful contact, assimilation, or just diffusion.
- Pre-Hindu Vedic religion is no bloodier a cult than any other sacrificial cult of its time period, including those practiced by the peoples who lived in India before the “Aryan invasion.”
I also take issues with Shneour’s thesis that religion is inexorably declining and fading away. While it is true that in the United States there has been a marginal uptick in the number of people claiming to be atheist or agnostic, the number of people expressing belief in God, heaven, and angels has remained fairly steady for decades. Organized religion may be declining (though it was never as strong in the U.S. as believers claim), but religious belief is not declining except among a certain segment of the population that not coincidentally happens to be the same upper-class, academic elite to which Shneour belongs.
In Europe and among elite populations in the United States, yes, religion is in decline. But outside of that, and especially among non-elite populations, religion continues to play the same role in daily life that it did when those “bloody” “Arians” finished reading the “Epic of Gamesh” and high-tailed it to India.