If I’ve learned anything from the first 18 chapters of Lost Worlds of Ancient America, it’s that most Ancient American magazine articles follow the same pattern:
- Introduce an anomalous, probably fake artifact
- Claim it looks like something from the Old World
- Pivot to a lengthy but largely unrelated discussion of Old World archaeology and myth
- Let the accumulation of unrelated detail imply a connection the facts fail to prove
It is perhaps telling that Osmon relies on nineteenth century testimony about archaeological sites rather than any evidence from the sites themselves to make his connections between the mounds of America and Wales. He discusses discredited racist books from the 1800s as though their prehistoric race war theories were true, and he takes at face value claims about stone fortresses that he never visits or in any way proves exists. There is no point evaluating is speculation when the facts upon which it rests have not been established.
Feldman found some petroglyphs which, according to the photo, included a circle circumscribing an asterisk, a few crossed lines, and a triangle. He sent a picture to the most famous alternative fantasist about early America, Barry Fell, who immediately recognized the shapes as the “language of ancient Libya.” What’s more: the glyphs recorded a solar eclipse of April 23, 255 CE. The article concludes by saying “Dr. Fell’s translation is published here for the first time…” AND THEN DOESN’T INCLUDE IT! I can’t possibly evaluate an absent translation, and the photograph attached to the article does nothing to suggest any written language was intended by the rock artist, much less a record of an eclipse.
For the record, here is the entirety of the sole passage about Tunupa in all the ancient texts that supposedly parallels Plato exactly:
This worthy, named Thonapa, is said to have visited all the provinces of the Colla-suyu, preaching to the people without cessation, until one day he entered the town of Yamquesupa. There he was treated with great insolence and contempt, and driven away. They say that he often slept in the fields, without other covering than the long shirt he wore, a mantle, and a book. They say that Thonapa cursed that village, so that it was covered with water. The site is now called Yamqnisupaloiga. It is a lake, and nearly all the Indians of that time knew that it was once a village, and was then a lake.
(“An Account of the Antiquities of Peru” by Pachacuti Yamqui, in Narrative of the Rites and Laws of the Yncas, trans. Clements R. Markham [New York: Burt Franklin, n.d.], 72)