[King] Far’ân continued to walk in the way of error and injustice, consumed in pleasures. He abandoned the temples, let wither the fruits of the soil, increased injustice, and grew the number of murders. Cultivation was abandoned, and the land everywhere became barren; men committed outrages upon each other and felt no remorse. The temples and Berba (Great Temples) were closed, their doors bricked shut. Finally the flood came, and the rain fell on Egypt for twenty-four days. Far’ân, constantly intoxicated, did not budge, until the water had risen quite high; he stood up in haste to reach the pyramids. But the earth shook under him. He returned, looking for the subterranean passages, but he lost his footing and fell on his face onto the ground. He let out moans similar to those of a bull and was finally overwhelmed by the Flood. Those of his companions who penetrated into the subterranean passages were drowned. The water reached a quarter of the way up the pyramids; its mark is still visible today. (my trans.)
So the Flood came during the reign of Far'ân; Egypt was completely submerged, its buildings destroyed and sciences annihilated. The water stayed on the ground for six months and rose halfway up the great pyramids, and God willing, we will give some account of this event in the section of this book dealing with calamities of Egypt. […] In his time, the land of Egypt faltered, its crops were reduced to almost nothing, and the two regions were devastated. He was wed to his mistakes and crimes, which were associated with his entertainment and games, and the people followed the same path as him. Vice spread from one to another. When the Flood came and the rain began to fall, Far'ân rose to flee to the pyramid, but the earth parted before him when he reached the door, his feet failed him, and he fell helpless and crying; and all those who had taken refuge underground died of consumption. And God knows best. (my trans.)
So, Gray is at least on somewhat OK ground in recognizing that there are in fact accounts of a “water” line on the pyramids. (If such a thing really existed, it was a change in coloration on the casing stones, from some unknown cause.) But I can’t figure out what logic he uses—other than ignorance of the source material—to claim that this legend is true, while denying others from the very same texts. For Gray goes on to deny that the Great Pyramid was built by Khufu because the pyramid, he said, was empty when it was opened:
When the Arab Abdullah Al Mamoun finally forced his entry into the chamber in AD 820 - the first entry since the chamber was sealed in some long ago time - he found the coffer entirely empty. Egyptologists assume that this was the final resting place of Khufu, yet not the slightest evidence suggests that a corpse had ever been in this coffer or chamber. Nor have any embalming materials, any fragments of any article, or any clues whatsoever been found in the chamber or anywhere else in the entire pyramid that in any way indicates that Khufu (or anyone else) was ever buried there.
They found toward the top of the pyramid a chamber, in which there was a hollow stone: in it was a statue of stone like a man, and within it a man, upon whom was a breast-plate of gold set with jewels; upon his breast was a sword of invaluable price, and at his head a carbuncle of the bigness of an egg, shining like the light of the day; and upon him were characters written with a pen: no man knows what they signify. (trans. John Greaves)
These tales are likely untrue, and probably manufactured from the discovery of actual mummies in other tombs, but for our purposes it is beside the point. How do fringe writers decide which stories to believe and which to doubt? I suppose ignorance and convenience are the excuses, but I would like them to explain their methodology for accepting some claims from the very same texts that blatantly contradict their own ideas.