Mugan disagrees with this assessment and claims that there is evidence that the Dogon inherited space alien knowledge of Sirius from Egypt. He begins by focusing two critiques of van Beek published in Current Anthropology alongside Van Beek’s 1991 article. One of the critics was in fact Griaule’s daughter, who is perhaps not the most disinterested source. The thrust of this criticism is that Van Beek was not privy to the Dogon’s true secrets because he didn’t have the same level of initiation as Griaule in Dogon ritual life. This criticism depends on us believing that the Dogon are exceptional secret keepers and that not a single trace of their space alien knowledge manifests in any other aspect of their culture. It’s a tall order, and not one supported by most other anthropological researchers since 1991.
The crux of Mugan’s argument rests on a 1960 book by Eva Meyerowitz, the wife of a British colonial official in the Gold Coast, claiming that the Akan of Ghana inherited Egyptian notions of divine kingship. After her husband’s suicide, Meyerowitz devoted herself to studying the Akan-speaking peoples of the region. Meyerowitz, like many colonialists of her day, did not believe Black Africans could develop advanced cultures. She therefore attributed most aspects of Akan culture to Libyan Berbers who supposedly migrated south and brought their superior Greco-Egyptian-derived knowledge with them from the high cultures of the Mediterranean. Anthropologists today, however, trace the origins of the Akan people to the sixth century CE and peoples of the Sahara desert or the Sahel region. The Akan oral histories trace the origins of their ruling clan back to the Sudan before Islam, so there is a potentially plausible connection to Egypt, albeit a tenuous one separated in time by 1500 years or more.
According to later reappraisals of Meyerowitz’s work by Dennis Mike Warrens in 1970 and others, her analysis was faulty and her facts wrong, based in large measure on her lack of familiarity with local language and customs. Her distortions of Ghanaian history are the “most famous” case of bad anthropology in the country, according to A. Darkwah et al., writing in Changing Perspectives on the Social Sciences in Ghana (2014).
Robert Temple had used Meyerowitz’s claims of a Berber origin for the Akan (gained secondhand from Robert Graves, who misused them for other purposes; Temple never read Meyerowitz) to support his similar—and completely unsupported claim—that the Dogon were the descendants of the Greek colonists of Libya, specifically Jason’s Argonauts.
Mugan feels that similarities between the Dogon, the Akan, and the Egyptians demonstrate a connection. These similarities include:
- The Akan’s chief goddess had three forms, while the Dogon Sirius was a triple star.
- The Akan goddess’s symbol was two crossed arrows, similar to that of the Semitic god Assur, whom Mugan identifies with Osiris on the basis of some long outdated books that assumed a Mesopotamian origin for Egyptian culture.
- All three cultures use the number seven.
- The Akan have a symbol that looks something like an Egyptian djed pillar. (This last one comes from Meyerowitz but even modern supporters of the Egypt-Akan connection do not follow her version, substituting different sticks and figurines.)
In support of the alleged connection among these culture, Mugan cites outdated books and fringe websites, which lends his argument no credence. But even taking it at face value, it offers no evidence for any diffusion of space alien star knowledge.
Mugan then drags Andrew Collins’s ideas about Göbekli Tepe into the discussion to suggest that it wasn’t aliens but Western Asian super-elites who discovered the Sirius knowledge and seeded it across the high cultures of the Mediterranean. This is apparently his attempt to seem more reasonable than Robert Temple, but the long and short of it is still the same: The “Sirius complex of ideas” is built on a foundation of imaginary connections born of outdated research, fringe ideas, and the ever-present belief in the fallacy of “looks like, therefore is.”