Tsoukalos himself made a claim about the “ancients” attributing the design of the pyramid to the “Guardians of the Sky” back in 2011. His source was even less reliable than the Egyptian text Coppens cited. Tsoukalos cited an Arabic text from the fourteenth century, the Al-Khitat of Al-Maqrizi—at 4,000 years remove! I wonder if this is the same text that Tsoukalos is referring to in his latest tweet. (I do wonder if he confuses Maqrizi’s death date on the Islamic calendar—845—with his Gregorian date of 1442 and thus thinks he’s older than he is.)
When I first wrote about this in September 2011, I did not have the Al-Khitat at hand to know exactly what Al-Maqrizi said. Nevertheless, Tsoukalos should have known better since an English summary appears in Col. Vyse’s Operations, a major pseudoscientific sourcebook. I have reprinted this summary in my 2012 anthology Pyramidiots!
The key is that Al-Maqrizi says that the Arabs had many traditions about the pyramids (which he quotes at great length), but no one knows who actually built them. Since Al-Maqrizi knows nothing of the builders, whom Tsoukalos concedes were the pharaohs of old, how can we trust that he somehow preserved a perfect tradition of the aliens who assisted them? Al-Maqrizi offered more than a dozen different explanations, drawn from various authors. But none of them featured “Guardians of the Sky.” I finally found, though, the source for Tsoukalos' claim of supernatural interference in the building of the pyramids.
Among Al-Maqrizi’s discussions is the following, which Maqrizi borrows from Sa‘d el-Loghaoui. I am translating from the French edition of the Al-Khitat:
Sa‘d al-Loghaoui in his book The Biography of Peoples, reported that all the sciences known before the Flood were first taught by Hermes, who lived in Upper Egypt. This Hermes was the first to ponder celestial bodies and the movement of the stars. He was the first to build temples to worship God. He occupied himself with science and medicine, and he wrote well-measured poems for his contemporaries about things terrestrial and celestial. It is also said that he was the first to predict the Flood and anticipate that a celestial cataclysm would befall the earth in the form of fire or water, so, fearing the destruction of science and the disappearance of industrial processes, he built the pyramids and temples of Upper Egypt. Within these, he included representations of the trades and tools, including engraved explanations of science, in order to pass them on to those who come after him, lest he see them disappear from the world. This Hermes is the same as Edris.
But, as it so happens, I actually found the passage Tsoukalos has been talking about, no thanks to him! Here it is, from Book 1 Chapter 10, in all its ancient astronaut glory:
Master Ibrahim bin Wasif Shah said that King 'Adim (or Ad), son of Naqtarim, was a violent and proud prince, tall in stature. It was he who ordered the rocks cut to make the pyramids, as had been done by the ancients. In his time there lived two angels cast out of heaven, and who lived in the Aftarah well; these two angels taught magic to the Egyptians, and it is said that 'Adim, the son of El-Budchir, learned most of their sciences, after which the two angels went to Babel. Egyptians, especially the Copts, assure us that these were actually two demons named Mahla and Bahala, not two angels, and that the two are at Babel in a well, where witches meet, and they will remain there until the Day of Judgment.
But do note: Ad built the pyramids, but the text doesn't say the "angels" had anything to do with it. They taught science, sure, but it says nothing about helping out with the pyramids.
I think it should be fairly obvious that this is merely the story of the Watchers from the Book of Enoch filtered down through Arabian folklore. Note that the passage even uses the Hebrew form of the name Ad, "Adim." The story of the "fallen" angels, the teaching of science, and the confinement underground, are all identical to the account in Enoch. Since we already know that the Arabs associated the pyramids with Idris, who was though to be Enoch, this is a very logical connection. So, this means that some 3,500 years after the pyramids were built, some people with pre-existing Enochian mythology attributed the pyramids to that myth cycle. I fail to see the aliens at work here.
Bonus: The Ad mentioned here is the king of the Adites, whose son Shaddad built Iram of the Pillars, and whose people were punished by God for their sins, as given in the Qu'ran and Arabian Nights. These fellows were also said to be giants, sinful, etc. They're the Watchers from Enoch, which is quite plain.
Double Bonus: In his Menippus, Lucian describes an underground watery cave in the marshes near Babylon where the Babylonian mages would go to consult with the chthonic gods, so there actually is something to this witches' well!