This does tie in, however, to what I was writing yesterday about Andrew Collins. Collins—who, incidentally, believes in “sentient” “light beings” composed of plasma that can be contacted by buying his most recent book—also wrote a tome about the Nephilim in 1998. He claimed that these beings were in fact a “shamanic elite” from the last Ice Age who sparked the Neolithic Revolution and reigned as a parasitic ruling class until the end of the Bronze Age. These same Nephilim are also found in Zecharia Sitchin’s work as space aliens.
'Giants' haunt the pages of almost all ancient books. So they must have existed. What sort of creatures were they, these 'giants'? Were they our forefathers, who built the gigantic buildings and effortlessly manhandled the monoliths, or were they technically skilled space travellers from another star? One thing is certain. The Bible speaks of 'giants' and describes them as 'sons of God', and these 'sons of God' breed with the daughters of men and multiply.
The later Book of Enoch and Book of Jubilees favor the fallen angel version, explicitly identifying the “sons of God” with angels who descended from heaven and taught men such forbidden arts as metallurgy and cosmetology (yes, I mean make-up: 1 Enoch 8:1). According to these texts, the angels rebelled against God because they were overcome with sexual desire for human females.
I’m going to admit here that what follows is mostly speculation, though I hope based on fact. I find Genesis 6:4 interesting, but I think it belongs in the broader context of early Near Eastern myth. Literally, the phrase “sons of God” in Hebrew says “sons of the gods,” in the plural. This has been rationalized as something akin to the Royal We, but many have suggested it refers to pre-Judaic references to a polytheistic pantheon. We know than in other Near Eastern cultures, the gods had sons and these sons were considered superhuman beings. The most famous is Gilgamesh, two-thirds god and one-third man, the hero who built the high walls of Uruk. Another is Humbaba, the terrifying, radiant giant who was the child of Hanbi and the ward of the sun god. The Greeks, too, imagined that the race of heroes that preceded their own—mostly the sons of the gods—were of gigantic stature, which they “confirmed” by claiming the bones of prehistoric elephants to be the remains of the giant heroes.
But here is where it gets interesting. By 100 BCE, the writers of the Jewish apocryphal text called the Book of Giants—a sort of sequel to the Book of Enoch—included both Gilgamesh and Humbaba as two of the antediluvian giants. This in and of itself is not conclusive, since it is centuries after Genesis, but it suggests that there was a tradition that the giants of Genesis reflected a Jewish interpretation of the widespread Near Eastern claim that the giants of old were the sons of the pagan gods. Since we know that other widespread Near Eastern myths had Biblical versions, including the Near Eastern Flood myth and the battle between the storm god and the chaos monster, it seems to me that the origins of Genesis 6:4 are to be found in Near Eastern hero stories that would have been the common folk culture of the region.
I’m not the only one to see such a connection; unfortunately, though, most of the others who see the same connection claim that Gilgamesh is one of the Nephilim and therefore is an alien hybrid! It comes down to the key assumption one makes in thinking about ancient myth: are these stories to be taken as literature, or as fact? Until some skeletons of these giants show up—and no, the elephant bones don’t count—it is terribly dangerous to take literally stories that have been told and retold in countless forms across time and space.
Bonus: Alternative theorists like to take ancient texts literally, but for those paying attention, this poses a problem. In the Epic of Gilgamesh, Gilgamesh lives after the Flood, but in the Book of Giants, he lives before the Flood. Clearly, both ancient texts can't be right, and if one is wrong, this calls into question the practice of using ancient texts uncritically as literal reports of mythic events.