Ancient Origins published yet another entry in the endless list of places alleged to be the lost continent of Atlantis. Today’s candidate comes from the pen of Italian expatriate E. B. Ralbadisole, who now lives in Asia, claims to worship nature, and said that he became interested in Atlantis after receiving a supernatural vision of a lost Ice Age civilization. He places the fictitious lost city in the Kathiawar peninsula, in western India, specifically atop Mt. Girnar, and alleges that Atlantis did not sink into the ocean but was buried in a giant mudslide that inspired the Biblical Flood. Really.
His argument is overly complicated, relying on a number of assumptions and a conspiracy.
From above, Mt. Girnar has something of a ring shape because it is the remains of an exploded volcano. Ralbadisole claims that this answers to the ring shape of Atlantis, but by making the mountain only the capital of Atlantis, it allows him to use the whole of the Kathiawar peninsula as the island of Atlantis, thus preserving its proximity to the ocean.
He then argues that a conspiracy worked to replace the real Atlantis of the East with false claims that it was located in the West, based on an error that he believes (without evidence) mistakenly placed the Pillars of Hercules at Gibraltar instead of the Persian Gulf. He blames this on the Byzantine writer Cosmas Indicopleustes and the Renaissance mapmaker Mercator, whom he accuses of falsifying ancient maps by flipping them over and copying them backward:
The major alteration may have been conceived during the European Middle Ages, possibly to divert attention from India. During the Middle Ages, the Tribunal of the Inquisition was actively judging pagans and heretics who worshipped ancient religions. This theory postulates that the erratum went so far that the German-Dutch cartographer, Gerardus Mercator (1512-1594), named the ocean passing Gibraltar the “Atlantic Ocean”. It is possible that Mercator used a reversed Middle Ages map, confusing the historical reports and substituting what was in the East with Gibraltar. Although the research is still in progress, we have reason to believe, therefore, that in the ancient past, for the Ancient Greeks, the cultures of references were located toward the East - Mesopotamia and India.
As you can see from this paragraph, Ralbadisole has run thousands of years of history together and happily picked and chose what he wanted from them. Plato is quite clear that Atlantis was bigger that Libya (Africa) and Asia combined, which would not make sense if the continent it controlled was itself Asia. Similarly, the lands Atlantis was said to control stretch from the Atlantic eastward toward Greece, which again would not make sense with an eastern Atlantis. The geography in Plato’s Timaeus makes plain that the west is indicated. Other ancient authors agree. Pliny the Elder, for example, placed Atlantis near Mt. Atlas in Morocco, indicating the modern Atlantic Ocean.
Therefore, the conspiracy cannot have been the work of Mercator or even Cosmas, both of whom were far too late in time.
There is, however, a small grain of truth: The Greeks did indeed relocate some mythical events from the east to the west, but not in Plato’s day. Homer took the story of Aea, the magical dawn kingdom where the Golden Fleece resided, and moved it, along with other adventures of the Argonauts, from the eastern seas to the west, creating Circe’s island of Aeaea. The reason, though, was no conspiracy: After the Black Sea started to be explored, it was no longer as mysterious, so The Odyssey took the old tales and moved them to still-unexplored regions where monsters and magic might more plausibly live. It also helped Homer to more clearly set up his poem in opposition to the Argonautica, which he references more than once in his works. Similarly, the stories of Heracles were geographically relocated or sometimes reduplicated to map old stories once centered on Greece onto a broadening world.
3/28/2019 09:47:50 am
I was looking forward to a Shangri La tie-in.
Atlantis is Heaven
3/28/2019 10:57:32 am
It's many people's resurrection, Atlantis....
3/29/2019 12:42:20 am
Anastasis rhymes with Atlantis
Carmen et Error
3/29/2019 08:21:22 am
No, it really doesn't.
3/28/2019 10:00:59 am
Oh my! This will not do at all. If India has an Atlantis that means Pakistan will also need one - I wonder where we could plop one down?
3/28/2019 10:18:30 am
Oh boy... Atlantis again. Okay.
3/28/2019 11:50:42 am
How, when and why did Atlantic Ocean get its name?
3/28/2019 12:22:21 pm
It was named from the Greek, referring to the sea next to the Atlas Mountains of Morocco.
3/28/2019 04:42:55 pm
At this point it might be easier to find places where Atlantis HASN'T been placed. Antarctica? Oh wait, been done. Americas? Been done.
3/29/2019 12:25:23 am
Don't forget to work the Yonaguni monument in there somehow.
3/29/2019 11:41:02 pm
3/29/2019 01:29:11 am
And you can't have Atlantis without concentric rings. The base and crater of Mt. Fuji can fill that role.
3/28/2019 06:17:49 pm
Now that we have once again located Atlantis, I for one would be in favor of installing a GPS tracking device so we don't lose it yet again.
Atlantis is Heaven
3/28/2019 07:40:46 pm
allegorical embodiment of Plato's ideal state representing the antagonist naval power that besieges Ancient Athens in Plato's Republic
I really wonder how anyone can make such a big mistake to consider a person from the 16th century to be the first one to call the Atlantic sea Atlantic sea? I mean, there was Sergio Frau who considered Eratosthenes to play a similar role ... wrong, too, but much closer to possibility than Gerhard Mercator.
considered Plato's Atlantis story to be credible
3/29/2019 07:08:49 am
Plato considered his story to be credible on the allegoric level but hey, there are people who seriously believe that William Tell existed.
3/29/2019 08:31:46 am
Something that didn't exist before something that didn't happen.
No, Plato did not only consider his story to be credible on an allegorical level.
3/29/2019 02:28:45 pm
This business of reading minds across millennia must cease.
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