In researching the Henry Sinclair story, I’ve found one claim repeated frequently in the recent literature: The Mi’kmaq (Micmac) people worshiped Henry Sinclair as a god named Glooscap, and the myth of Glooscap is identical to the history of Henry Sinclair. Glooscap was first introduced to non-Native audiences through the 1894 book The Legends of the Micmacs by Silas Rand, the basis for many later retellings. Most subsequent writers are not aware that Rand’s stories were not meant to be comprehensive or definitive since folklore takes many forms and undergoes many variants across time and space.
Well, if there is a cult of Henry Sinclair in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, it’s worth looking for. Sadly, this is another case where alternative writers simply repeat each other and never check the sources. But in checking those sources, I also discovered some interesting facts about the Nova Scotia connection that pretty much negate any attempt to identify Sinclair with Oak Island.
Frederic J. Pohl’s contribution to the Henry Sinclair literature is interesting. He bought into the Zeno Narrative hook, line, and sinker to the extent that in a 1959 journal article, he simple asserted that it told the story of Henry Sinclair and referred skeptical readers to Richard Henry Major’s fraudulent conclusions from nearly a century earlier. Based on this acceptance, he identified seventeen “parallel details” between his version of Henry Sinclair and the Wabanaki culture hero Glooscap, the gigantic creator god of several indigenous mythologies. While Pohl would vary the exact set of parallel details across twenty years’ worth of books, his claims appear unchanged in Holy Bloodline and Templar conspiracy literature down to the present day, including some of the best sellers in the genre.
So, since this is another of the foundational pillars of the Sinclair myth, I thought it was worth examining all seventeen correspondences one by one to see how closely they conform to the real Henry Sinclair and his assumed fictional counterpart, Zichmni of Frisland. Comparisons with Glooscap are a bit more complicated since the figure is shared among many Native/First Nations groups and has different attributes and roles in each. Pohl admits in Prince Henry Sinclair (1974) that he derived his information from Rand, and, frankly, he just straight up lied, as we shall see. I think he took the whole book for a discussion of Glooscap, which it is not.
In the analysis below, Pohl’s exact words from the 1959 journal article “A Nova Scotia Project” are in bold and my comments are below in standard type. Pohl later expanded upon this in his books, with citations to Rand’s text, and in places he altered the correspondences in later books. For example, in later works, he “interprets” Glooscap’s magical floating island covered in rocks and trees (Rand, p. 186) as a European ship with masts and sails. It would be a rather small sailing ship to make it into an inland lake.
1-2. Each was a "prince" who came across the ocean via Newfoundland.
No document asserts Henry Sinclair ever set foot on Newfoundland.
The Zeno Narrative says only that Zichmni reached Greenland (Engronelanda). Only Richard Henry Major’s special pleading extended this to Canada. He identified some of the Zeno Narrative’s references to a large Atlantic island of Estotiland as Newfoundland, for which the text and the accompanying map offer no true warrant. He derived this from the idea that the Vikings had landed in Newfoundland.
In anthropologists’ collections of myth, Glooscap did not come across the ocean but rather was a giant who, in the form of a beaver, created Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, which he used as his bed and pillow. Even in Rand, he is not a prince, though there is a legend in Rand’s book about an unrelated prince, from which Pohl appears to have conflated his version.
3-4. Each was a "king", who had often sailed the seas.
Henry Sinclair was not a king. He was a baron and an earl, and in both roles was the feudal vassal of the Scottish and Norwegian kings. There is no evidence he did any sailing beyond his voyages to and from Norway.
Zichmni sailed the Atlantic, and the Zeno Narrative said he held the title of “prince.”
Glooscap was not a king, though he was often called the Great Chief (Ukchesakumau); he was a god. He also held the title of Lord of Man and Beast, much as Artemis was Mistress of Animals and Yahweh simply went by the Lord. Pohl confuses him for the “King” in Rand’s unrelated “Legend of the Magical Coat, Shoes, and Sword,” but these figures are not the same. In legend, Glooscap uses a boat to sail out into the sea to hunt a whale, which is not the same as voyaging across the ocean.
5-7. The home of each was in a "large town", on an "island", and each brought with him many "soldiers".
Henry Sinclair’s home was for most of his life Roslin, in Scotland, a small town. By “island” I can’t tell whether Pohl means Britain or Orkney. While he did have knights who fought for him, his battles were in Britain and Orkney.
Zichmni is only said to have traveled to Greenland with “some sailors” who fled from some islanders en route because they had no protection. Confusingly, later “one hundred soldiers” are said to be among the crew.
Glooscap was believed to live alone in the wilderness in a Great Wigwam at Cape Blomidon, though Rand assigns him a wigwam on an island (p. 23), though only temporarily. (He has several different residences in different tales, usually wigwams.) The “large town” is a place Glooscap visits in Rand’s book (p. 73), but he doesn’t live there. I cannot find any reference to him having soldiers, though in some tales he has several companions. More often, he is opposing the soldiers of human chiefs. Again, Pohl seems to have conflated Glooscap with human kings in Rand’s book and assigned him their soldiers.
8. The principal weapon of each was "a sword of sharpness", (hence he came before the advent of firearms).
Henry Sinclair probably used a sword, but so would anyone else, including the Vikings.
Zichmni’s weapon is never described, if indeed he used one.
The “Sword of Sharpness” appears in the unrelated “Legend of the Magical Coat” (Rand, p. 14) and again has nothing to do with Glooscap. In fact, it isn’t even in the story proper but is rather Rand’s fanciful description in his introductory note to the story. Glooscap does not have a regular weapon in Rand’s stories but relies on magic.
9. Each had three daughters.
I’m sure someone will correct me, but I can’t find any evidence Henry I Sinclair had three daughters. The only Henry Sinclair I can find who had three daughters and no sons was a random fellow whose case ended up in the Scottish court system in 1835. Our Henry Sinclair had two daughters and three sons, according to the Sinclair Diploma, the only record of his issue; and Burke’s Peerage similarly asserts that our Henry Sinclair had multiple sons.
Zichmni’s children are never described.
The king in the “Legend of the Magical Coat” has three daughters, not Glooscap (Rand, p. 14).
10. Each explored Nova Scotia extensively.
Henry Sinclair did not explore Nova Scotia according to any extant record.
Zichmni traveled in search of “Estotiland” which Major identified with Newfoundland, and arrived in Engronelanda, which Major identified with Greenland. (I agree with him on this point, though others have suggested other identifications, including Shetland, Friesland, Iceland, etc.) Nova Scotia is entirely Pohl’s own insertion into the myth, based on a sighting of burning pitch, which Pohl asserts must refer to a natural feature of Nova Scotia. (See below.)
Pohl follows Rand (pp. 291-2) where Glooscap, on a hunting trip, travels around Nova Scotia and produces miraculous events, including the creation of rock bridges and the slaughter of copious quantities of animals. As the creator of Nova Scotia, I’m not sure how much exploring of it he’d need to do, but an itinerant god is rather standard in Native myth.
11. Each spent only one winter in the land.
Henry Sinclair did not explore Nova Scotia according to any extant record.
Even interpreting the land of burning pitch as Nova Scotia, Zichmni does not spend only one winter. His crew fear the coming winter and leave, so Zichmni contrives to stay, and he founds a colony. According to the Zeno Narrative, he is still living there when Antonio Zeno returns to Italy, and the younger Zeno (the author of the book in 1558) states explicitly that Zichmni settled on his new island and lived there for the rest of his life.
Glooscap spent one winter in a wigwam at Cape D’Or (Rand, p. 292), but he was active in the area for all of time, being a god and all.
12. Each built a ship and sailed home in it.
Henry Sinclair never built a boat. Even if he did sail somewhere, there is no evidence of building a new ship when he got where he was going.
Zichmni never built a boat either. Pohl interprets the fact that Zichmni kept only a few small canoes with him on Greenland as evidence he planned to build a new, larger boat to sail home, but this is an assumption based on circular reasoning; the Zeno text says he stayed put and used the small boats to explore both coasts of Greenland.
Glooscap’s first ship was previously described as a floating island. Later, he left the Mi’kmaq sailing away on the back of a whale (Rand, p. 228). Pohl, in his later books, reinterprets this—without warrant—as a boat by suggesting Native people could not fathom a large ship and thought it a whale. Rand states that Glooscap explicitly sailed west to the mainland, not east across the Atlantic.
13. Neither one was a religious teacher, but a man who lived like other men, a secular individual.
Henry Sinclair was a nobleman who had feudal privilege over his fellows.
Zichmni was a prince and lived as absolute ruler of his country.
Glooscap was a god. I’m not sure how a god can live secularly.
14-16. Each ascended a high hill or mountain and discerned in the great distance another high hill or mountain ("monte" in Zeno narrative, "mountain" in Indian legend) to visit which involved a journey of "eight days" (Zeno narrative) and "at least a week" (Glooscap legend).
Henry Sinclair does not have any documented evidence of mountain climbing.
In the Zeno Narrative, Zichmni sees a mountain in the distance at the newly-discovered island (Engronelanda) and sends 100 soldiers to explore it. They travel to and from the mountain and report back to Zichmni, who waits in the boat. This takes eight days (meaning four out and four back). They did not see a second mountain.
This incident is reported in Rand on page 257, but although the mountain seems to be a week away, he and his companions actually reach it by mid-afternoon of the same day.
17. Each had the same character, being notably generous, except when openly defied.
This is so general it could apply to anyone. Pohl took the wording directly from Rand, p. xlv, the same page where Rand notes that the Mi’qmak state that Glooscap was present at the time when the Europeans colonized Nova Scotia, after 1605.
And now for that burning pitch…
In the Zeno Narrative, Antonio Zeno supposedly encounters the following in the land of Engronelanda:
After eight days the hundred soldiers returned, and brought word that they had been through the island and up to the mountain, and that the smoke was a natural thing proceeding from a great fire in the bottom of the hill, and that there was a spring from which issued a certain matter like pitch, which ran into the sea, and that thereabouts dwelt great multitudes of people half wild, and living in caves.
Pohl explains it thus: “In the Pictou region of Nova Scotia, at Stellarton, an open coal seam burned at the bottom of a hill, from the top of which pitch flowed down in what is now called ‘Coal Brook’ and crossed the burning seam.” Pohl fails to note that this is not a continuous feature. The coal seam at Stellarton, called the Foord Seam, was reported to have caught fire more than once in historic times, including a stretch from 1870 to 1901, but I can find no evidence that the seam was actively burning prior to the start of coal mining in the area in the 1830s, when mining activity sparked several fires. In fact, according to the 1901 Annual Report of the Geologic Survey of Canada ("Coal Field of Pictou County, Nova Scotia," p. 35), the fires actually occurred within the mines, not in the open air, and were driven by natural gas released from mining activities.
But beyond this, in the passage Pohl cites, Zeno seems to be repeating himself. For earlier in the narrative, he has the elder Nicolò Zeno make a first voyage to Engronelanda:
Here he found a monastery of the order of Friars Preachers, and a church dedicated to St. Thomas, hard by a hill which vomited fire like Vesuvius and Etna. There is a spring of hot water there with which they heat both the church of the monastery and the chambers of the Friars, and the water comes up into the kitchen so boiling hot, that they use no other fire to dress their victuals.
The exports of this land are “brimstone and pitch.”
The second version seems very much like the author has duplicated an enhanced his first version, repeating the volcano and transforming the hot spring to a pitch spring in conflating the details of the lengthier first version into the more compact second.
But here’s the clincher: As noted as long ago as 1899 (in anonymous article in The Spectator), both versions have a clear antecedent in Olaus Magnus’ description of Iceland from his 1555 History of the Northern Peoples, published in Italy just three years before the Zeno Narrative. There, he describes a monastery at the foot of one volcano, and he elsewhere talks about burning waters. The illustration below (from book 2, ch. 2) shows the burning hills, the volcanoes, with fire at the bottom of the hills, and rivers of hot substances (presumably lava, but someone with no knowledge of volcanoes might mistake it for pitch) flowing into large cauldrons for a heating system and then onward, presumably to the sea.
The next illustration (Book 2, ch. 1), also of Iceland, shows a river and a lake of burning pitch and sulfur beside a smoking mountain and a village.
It seems that Zeno, adapting Olaus’ three volcanoes of Iceland to two for his fictional version of Greenland, assigned his Greenland monastery to one and made the lake of burning pitch into rivers of the stuff, and he simply accepted Olaus’ false but popular idea that volcanoes burned from the bottom.
So, given that every correlation Pohl makes between Henry Sinclair and Glooscap evaporates before facts, and given that the only evidence Zichmni made it to Nova Scotia can be better explained through Zeno’s use of Olaus, the entire Sinclair-Oak Island myth crumbles before the truth: This was just another myth assembled from ignorance, a willful misreading of texts, and blatant lies.
4/2/2013 03:48:15 pm
All I can add is in support.
1/17/2017 11:17:56 pm
I am Cheyenne/Arapaho native and the templars fled Europe because the group was being murdered by fire like demolays because of the wealth they possessed from their banking skills. It was the American Express of the Europeans. The flag was like the Christian church/dicipals of Christ church.they were not of the catholic popes.sinclair was from Scotland like Roslyn temple and l am sure they had treasures they brought with them. My own father was traced back to a Scottish background who had married three native americans who were the daughters of the tribal chief. The Scotsman was a trapper by trade and would travel all over the Indian nations. Including Nova Scotia and up and down the east coast. Trappers had to go to savanah Georgia every year to get a permit to trap. Also, my mother owned a farm in okla and her father was full-blood Native American and had worked for Sinclair oil and gas co as a roughneck and was killed on a Derek and my mom was paid a settlement by Sinclair oil company. They merged with bp oil and gas.
1/18/2017 09:12:17 am
Scott Wolter here, sounds like you really know your history and you most definitely can be woven into my new HISTORY book!
4/2/2013 07:54:51 pm
I was intrigued by the near-exactitude of the so-called Templar Sailing Flag and the Micmac flag. I wondered about this enough that after about two hours of in-depth googling, I found this:
10/23/2014 07:14:51 am
I am Mi'kmaq from Sipeknei'katik (Shubenacadie First Nations) When I was a kid I ask my Grandfather where our flag came from and he told me a story his Grandfather told him, long before any French or English people came to our lands and settled a ship landed on our shores that carried the symbol that is now on our flag, the ship remained for one winter and when spring came the people left. They headed South. My Grandfather told me my people called them Kwasink'kuan (sp?) (sounds like gwah sing gwan) which in English means run aways because they were running from something. Many want to believe it was influenced by the church after Chief Membertou was Baptised but the symbol goes back even further then Church's influence.
7/21/2015 06:53:02 am
i am also Mi'kmaq from Eskasoni First Nation and i find it interesting if not at least coincidental that the Grand Chief Membertou was baptized in 1610 at Port Royal under the name Henri.
11/1/2015 06:17:13 am
I too am Mikmaw from NB. I have been researching this topic for over 10 years . As a documentary producer , I run into lots of tidbits of Info. I have questioned the origins of the Mikmaw Flag, and no one has been able to confirm its origins,, our people would not have used flags as "markers" and to have such a detailed and "flag like" symbol was highly unlikely,, perhaps a wooden staff with animal pelts or something of that nature. Anyway my research continues. The topic warrants further discussion
9/28/2022 09:28:21 pm
I bet you they were marrano /conversos crypto jews. That flag has luciferian symbolism of the star and crescent representing Venus.
4/3/2013 02:18:38 am
Gunn, good luck finding any evidence that the upside down Micmac State flag ever existed as a Templar flag of any kind. I have been trying to find evidence of this design's relationship to the Templars since Scott Wolter made the claim years ago in Holy Grail in America. I have not found anything yet. I have even gone so far as contacting representatives of the Micmac tribe. I was told that it was the Roman Catholic Church that heavily influenced the design, and that the design was fairly modern. I also heard from a friend of a friend that Wolter first heard of the flag connection from Richard White during Steve St. Clair's 2008 Atlantic Conference. The flag connection is another dead end that doesn't go anywhere prior to 2008.
4/3/2013 02:25:29 am
Gunn, my own investigation on the Templar/Micmac flag went nowhere, so I tend to believe Jason's explanation for the Micmac flag design. Go back and read his recap of the final episode of America Unearthed.
4/3/2013 02:26:24 am
I concur. The Mi'qmak flag was influenced by Roman Catholicism, and the Mi'qmak had been using the cross as one of their symbols since adopting it from the Catholic priest Jessé Fléché in the early 1600s. The actual adoption of the cross as a Mi'qmak symbol is recorded by Marc Lescarbot in "The Conversion of the Savages," written in 1610.
11/1/2015 06:20:57 am
could the "Roman Catholic/ Italian " influence in the flag have had the same influence on the vikings and their flag prior and more importantly after to when they fled ?
4/3/2013 02:35:37 am
Either someone at the 2008 Atlantic Conference made the connection up out of thin air, or he/she is privy to a line of research no one else interested in the subject matter has access to.
9/28/2022 09:26:36 pm
I know this is incredibly old but the flag has luciferian symbolism attached to it. The star and crescent represents Venus like much of the Islamic flags.
4/3/2013 02:46:44 am
This is from that site link, above:
4/3/2013 02:56:28 am
According to Finnan's book, 'The Sinclair Saga" (1999), his source was an unnamed "Templar historian" at the 2008 Atlantic conference, and he never saw the actual flag. The "historian" simply remembered that it looked like one he thought he had seen. Niven Sinclair then picked up this secondhand gossip and canonized it in a presentation at the conference. Finnan's book includes an image, but it's a freshly drawn graphic, not a photograph of a real flag.
4/3/2013 02:57:34 am
Obviously it wasn't the 2008 Atlantic Conference. It was a different Sinclair Conference at Orkney in 1997.
4/3/2013 04:13:37 am
I don't recall Finnan being at the Atlantic Conference. If he was, I don't recall meeting him. Also, I don't recall the subject coming up in any of the 2 days of presentations.
11/21/2017 06:50:36 pm
N.S here and an MikMa'q. They missing pieces to Oak Island goes back to Atlantis and Pangea. N.S was once part of N.Africa and Atlantis and why the coconut fibers and 2 very tall straight oak tress are African. The money pit is an Enochian chamber built by the Atlanteans along with under ground tunnels for safe keeping. The high priest/demigod-Glooscap, who was about 8ft tall and wore a head dress and long kilt/skirt and travelled to the New world with an Egyptian and Greek and N.African who left treasures and hieroglyphs around N.America including the Grand Canyon.
4/3/2013 03:13:37 am
Yes. Sorry for the confusion on the date. I was trying to shave and brush my teeth while pecking away on the iPad. Multitasking has never been my strength. But, my overall point was that the Micmac flag/Templar flag connection is a very modern unsubstantiated association.
4/3/2013 03:18:12 am
Actually, I was correcting my own misstatement of the date!
5/19/2017 12:15:00 pm
I agree with your conclusion about any Templar flag bearing the crescent moon and a star! The Templars were in direct conflict with the Saracens ( Islamist's) for many many years. It has been postulated that the Saracen's could very well have been responsible for the destruction of Religious Relics that the Templars had possession of just before the Inquisition. What are your thoughts?
9/28/2022 09:32:50 pm
Not true. They actually learned from the assassins about baphomet i believe and sufism. Secret societies today are based on the assassins structure as well as sufism is connected to freemasonry. The star and "moon"( not a moon) represents VENUS. Islam has a lot of hidden feminine ties. Why you think there's a yoni symbol at mecca. The vikings are the phoenicians tied to templars. Sephardic jew marranos
Lady Catherine Sinclair
5/6/2018 04:01:34 am
Descendent directly from Caithness the 1st Earl did in fact go to Now what is known as Nouveau Scotia 1124 close to that .most nobleman married French nobility. Scot- French Alliance against bloody Brita. My family have 15 albums. The 1st Earl took his brother to the 2nd crusade to protect all travelers of three religions. They were Catholic and spoke Latin wrote it and French also Scot Galic. Robert the Bruce told my grandfather take my heart in a box if I die. So They did. They fur traded with the beautiful very kind first nations. They went to Jerusalem after the Crusade were starting their long journey back to Scotland both he and his brother were murdered by Sarasins.the box had rubies. And precious Gems this is in the writings . In fact the Irsh Catholics wanted the Bruce to be king of Ireland.also. The Earls were devout. Kind and giving.there was a song called where there were Sinclairs trouble will follow but not literal but meaning translated. Correctly protective and guarded the grain and Rosslyn. Just wanted to share. Some writings under glass. And turning dust. Sincerely. Catherine Adrienne Octavia Sinclair
Lady Catherine Sinclair
5/6/2018 04:30:56 am
Correcting. The word protecting Holy frail. The Jesuits. There in the 1100's Mic' Mac it was the true cross of Christ.French Jesuits they had Mass the flag was the CHristians Cross of Christ. Then and Roman Catholic is used by protestants are Catholic who do not know History or Greek or Latin.. The Church was Christian .the 1st time Catholic was used it was Greek meaning Universal.that is finis. The Church was in Jerusalem then Constatine converted thru his mothers prayer for many years next was Avignon France .St Therese of Avila wrote the pipe every day for 3 straight years . and said Rome is where so many martyrs of the faith were tortured quartered and died burned rather than renounce Christ. St. Peter said the first Mass in Rome. Later when they crucified him he asked to be on the cross with his body upside down. The papal States were all of Europe and the world at that tume. 20 Anti popes as well. During 2000 years . they are weeded out.in fact a pope has a. Noble lady found. Breaking his vows. When Attila met The Pope at the river on the outside of Rome Attila or the Hun said I sa a gold cross in the sky. The. Pope a Holy pope said you can have all papal states in Europe but please don't Attack Rome where the Saints and Martyrs met their death. he agreed. And that is why the Vatican is there. History only since I do research Blessings and good night..
4/3/2013 03:38:31 am
Thanks for the info; I had just emailed him, asking about the source material and letting him know that the flag is a current topic of discussion on your blog.
4/3/2013 04:15:01 am
Flag bearing Native Americans were surely one of Custer's greatest fears.
4/3/2013 08:33:28 am
Every time I go down the trails that any of the links in this discussion lead I invariably find a load of unsubstantiated/able jingoistic crap. I cannot understand the incredible familial self-importance with which the Sinclairs have anointed themselves in the last several decades. They should be ashamed of themselves for promoting the 2008 Atlantic Conference as being anything remotely connected to "science". Allowing "peer review" to those they select is a deplorable perversion of the meaning of peer review - but one I'm sure Scott W. is familiar and fine with. I thought I'd seen it all until I saw the picture of the prow of the ship dedicated to the completely fictional voyage of Henry Sinclair by his (possible) descendants - give me a break. The babbling of John "Bear" McNeil is likewise bizarre as is the totally unsubstantiated Pohl fabrication. Do none of these people find it the least bit strange that apparently half of Europe was wandering around north America and left no artifacts in verifiable context (other than the Vikings)? My hat's off to Jason for calmly putting up with this barrage in the last month.
5/19/2017 12:19:56 pm
Bravo! Well said! I try not to dismiss ANYTHING out of hand but there does seem to be a lot of unsubstantiated information running amok here!
Lady Catherine Sinclair
5/6/2018 04:40:06 am
Know one need go to a Conference. Your right I am never or forever no a conference. Only God does an outing If you have royalty . you don't about your del I am a Sinclair I use my title because so many died in the Sinclair family of Catheness. Their love of God for wanting pilgrims lets me have courage to keep memories alive. They brought courage and good. For that I am thankful. But a Conference extremely bad taste.If in your family you have the writings protected. Why would you anoint. Stupid and not Christian attitude. I find it vulgar and vain.
4/3/2013 01:37:50 pm
This doesn't look too encouraging...Jason, did you happen to read this book...or did anyone else visiting the blog?
4/3/2013 01:45:06 pm
So the essential physical evidence that proves his case, and he wants us to give him money to find out. Sigh.
4/7/2013 04:19:13 am
In his book about the Zen brothers, the italian historian Andrea di Robilant writes about an interview with Niven Sinclair who proved wilfully obstructive. Historians who try to get to the bottom of legends must sympathise.
2/5/2014 01:47:35 am
I have proof that someone was here in Nova Scotia in 1398, I don't know who it was but they were very religious as I have discovered an island with two stonehenges and a cross, along with a foundation of what I assume is a church. If you want proof I have it!
3/10/2014 02:42:18 pm
Terry Sabine, what gives you that date for certain?
3/10/2014 04:21:14 pm
It's the date above the top of a geoglyph we discovered on Pennant Island just outside of Halifax. MCCCXCVIII is what is written above the top of it, which means one thousand three hundred and ninety eight. I have a video on youtube which shows it. The video is called Oak Island Money Pit (recent treasure update 2014)
10/13/2015 10:34:01 am
Lady Catherine Sinclair
5/6/2018 04:05:05 am
You are correct Lady Catherine Sinclair ( St.Clair
John R Patton
6/27/2019 03:39:46 pm
According to this site: http://www.romannumerals.co/numerals-converter/mdcccxcviii-in-numbers/ the date is 1898.
11/6/2019 07:56:40 am
You entered the numerals in wrong and your answer is incorrect.
4/3/2016 01:28:12 pm
I admit that the comparasion between Saint-Claire and Glooscap is sketchy. Personnally I think they go to Canada, but in the region of St-Laurent instead. Look the first drawing of native fortification on Hochelaga by Cartier. The symetry of the settlement is hard to explain, more european than native. Sorry for my english!
5/17/2016 02:14:56 am
Interesting thread, thanks for posting!
Lady Catherine Sinclair
5/6/2018 04:07:12 am
Are you descended directly from The Early of Orkney and builder of Roslyn chapel?
11/29/2016 09:40:58 am
Huh. I found a website on this topic that isn't just a circular reference to more myths. Kudos, Jason, I didn't think that was possible.
3/17/2018 09:04:53 pm
Quietly wondering if oak island is a ruse leaving some evidence to support long term belief that the templar hoard is there.
don [byrd] awalt
7/23/2018 06:33:34 pm
12/14/2018 03:00:44 pm
Super interesting stuff! I live in Cape Breton and have always been interested in Kluskap legends, knights templar, oak island, and really any type of interesting historical legends/myths. I just recently discovered a direct family connect to Henry Sinclair. He is my 12th great grandfather, which made me really want to start dissecting fact from fiction. Templar/Kluscap connections aside, it's been super interesting catching up on the rich history of this part of my family tree. Thanks!
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