Micah Hanks and the Strange Case of a Dutch Study of Blood Clotting and Horror Movies
Micah Hanks weighed in on a new scientific study of horror movies, and as usual he had nothing to say but used that absence of insight to make money off of it anyway. Hanks used his characteristically tangled prose to baldly and badly rewrite a Guardian article about the supposed impact of horror movies on blood clotting, all while adding nothing to the original and actually making it more difficult to understand by somewhat misrepresenting the authors’ claims. Meanwhile, Mysterious Universe used the rewritten article to deliver paid advertising to its misinformed readers, thus making money off of rewriting the work of other people without original addition or insight.
I should probably be flattered that Hanks has decided to follow in my footsteps by devoting so much of his energy to exploring the connections between science and the horror genre of late, but as the person who literally wrote the book on the interrelationship of science, pseudoscience and the horror genre, I am dismayed that Hanks brings absolutely nothing to his reporting in terms of original research, original analysis, or even an opinion.
It’s probably best to start with Hanks’s version and work our way backward. Hanks claims that some researchers realized that the phrase “bloodcurdling” might have some basis in fact, so they showed people a horror movie and tested their blood, discovering that people who watched horror movies had higher levels of a blood clotting factor. Therefore, Hanks said, “the particular brand of fright stemming from horror cinema” literally curdles the blood by making it clot.
In addition to adding no new insight into the story, this actually is not what the Dutch doctors who conducted the research concluded in their study.
You can read about the study yourself in the Guardian, but the thrust of it is that Dutch doctors Banne Nemeth and Luuk Scheres actually concluded that fear—not specifically horror movies—increases the blood clotting factor, perhaps due to the threat of injury that prompts fear in the real world. To that extent, horror movies are simply a mediated reflection of this real world issue. “We think that from an evolutionary perspective it is actually a good thing to clot a bit faster if you experience fear,” Nemeth told the Guardian. “Fearful situations often come together with trauma or injury. So from this evolutionary perspective it would be good to prepare your body for blood loss.”
That much is, of course, fine science as far as it goes. But the doctors’ began their research with a supposed fact that doesn’t actually support their research the way they claim it does. As the Guardian put it:
Banne Nemeth, who led the horror film study, said it originated from the fact that the idea of a bloodcurdling fright exists in several languages, including Dutch (bloedstollend), German (das Blut in den Adern erstarren lassen) and French (à vous glacer le sang).
This caused the researchers to wonder whether there was a linguistic insight into bodily functions, a factual basis for the figurative expression. But that presumes several unsupported ideas—notably that the phrase (a) means the same thing in each language and (b) arose independently in each. Given that all of the examples are from Indo-European languages in neighboring countries, (b) seems quite unlikely.
We can start knocking out some of the claims pretty easily. The French phrase does not carry the same meaning as its English equivalent. The French term refers to blood freezing or chilling, since the word glacer means to “make into ice.” This would be closer to the English expression “blood-chilling.” Similarly, the German phrase exactly parallels the French and literally means “let the blood freeze in your veins.” Both of these phrases hark back to the idea that fear causes feelings of coldness or chills, often attributed to the constriction of capillary blood vessels during states of fear to increase blood pressure. It’s a widely known effect and a seemingly sufficient explanation for the phrase.
The Dutch term, so far as I know, means the same as the English, or most literally, “blood solidifying” or “blood coagulating.”
Here I must confess that I am at a disadvantage; since I do not speak Dutch, I am unaware of how old the term is in the Dutch language in order to determine whether the term spread from English to Dutch or Dutch to English. However, I can tell you that according to standard dictionaries, the compound English term was first used in 1724, so it is not a particularly ancient term. (I can trace the Dutch word back to the late 1700s, but it clearly was already in use by then.) The Online Etymological Dictionary suggests a more recent origin, tracing the specific term bloodcurdling to 1817, but from an earlier figurative use of the word “curdle” to refer to blood in the presence of fear from around 1600. The assumption—granted this cannot be proved—is that the phrase emerged from the earlier concept chilling or freezing the blood by describing the solidification of blood upon becoming (figuratively) ice. Thus, the English phrase is a somewhat imprecise rendering of the French phrase that just happened to suggest to modern researchers the concept of clotting, which was not really the intent. According to standard dictionaries, the English phrase “blood chilling” dates back to 1632, from an earlier use of “chill” in reference to blood, presumably making it the earlier version, or at least coeval in translating the presumably older Continental phrase, which was already an entry in the dictionary of the Académie française in the 1600s. Compare to the better-known phrase “to make one’s blood run cold.”
Because the Dutch researchers discounted or removed entirely the implication of freezing and chilling from their exploration of blood-chilling language, they were able to shift the meaning of the phrase toward clotting to create a presumably spurious linguistic support for their findings about blood clotting and fear. There is, I suppose, the possibility that the word “bloodcurdling” might have been meant to suggest clotting, though the researchers would need much more evidence to explain how and why that came about given the evidence in favor of an icier explanation.
And that, Micah Hanks, is an example of how you add value to a recap of an article rather than subtract value from it: by offering something that is not already in the original.
12/22/2015 01:33:36 pm
While we're at it, I find it interesting that real scientists can make a weirdly unreasoned assumption (that similar phrases used in different language throughout a relatively small geographical area offer independent corroboration), approach the problem from the completely wrong angle (testing blood rather than reading about the history of the phrases), and *still* wind up making a valid discovery.
12/22/2015 01:45:25 pm
Science isn't infallible, but at least it attempts to *test* a hypothesis.
12/23/2015 12:21:18 pm
Are you trying to refute the legitimacy of C.W. Leadbetter and Annie Besant's groundbreaking clairvoyant alchemical experiments? =P
12/22/2015 02:19:47 pm
In English, it looks as if the concept may have been popularised by Spenser's "The Faerie Queene" (1590), which in Book 1, Canto vii, stanza 6, describes the effects of drinking water from a cursed spring:
12/22/2015 02:42:39 pm
The oldest use of bloedstollend in the Instituut voor Nederlandse Lexicologie database ( http://www.inl.nl ) is 1784, and no historic example is given for bloedstolsel (blood clot) or bloedstillend.
12/22/2015 02:33:51 pm
For a real blood chilling experience do a double-red blood donation (my usual for the past few years). The machine siphons out your whole blood and separates the red cells from the plasma, then the plasma is pumped back into you. Of course it's been out of you for maybe ten minutes or more and has cooled off some. You get the weirdest feeling of coldness from inside yourself as the plasma is pumped back.
Duke of URL VFM #391
12/23/2015 12:22:59 pm
Heh, I can beat that, Bob. Having had multiple surgeries while fully-conscious (including one horrific one on my arm without anesthetic), I can testify that the units of blood they pump into you come straight from the chiller!
12/29/2015 01:26:54 am
I've done several plasma donations but never had the blood chilling experience. As an unapologetic materialist, it does give you an interesting examination of your red water stuff—I believe the latin is "blood"?
12/22/2015 03:32:20 pm
It would seem to me also tempting to explain "stollen" with "stopping any general flow or movement]". Since the heart is what pumps the blood around, causing the heart to miss one or more beats would stop the blood circulation at the same time. This seems to go way better with the other known fear reaction in social gesturing: grasping the heart and referring to heart attacks since a good scare can make it feel skipping, jumping and then racing, interestingly enough that would mean *more* flow but the exact fear would be here that it might break doing so because of the suddenness.
12/22/2015 03:48:33 pm
That's interesting and would perhaps explain why the phrase appears in Dutch later than the other languages, since this would presuppose and understanding of the circulatory system, which only occurred in the mid-1600s.
12/22/2015 04:54:21 pm
The Dutch form "bloedstollend" is a modern form.
12/23/2015 03:37:40 pm
Not sure how that is different, Ph, taking into account the pre-1900 notation of the medial s, there's not much difference between "bloedstolling" en "stolling van het bloed". The compounding might be the more Germanic development of the language as a whole or it was just too new at the time to get its own compound word. Another interesting topic for sure :-)
Your comment will be posted after it is approved.
Leave a Reply.
I am an author and researcher focusing on pop culture, science, and history. Bylines: New Republic, Esquire, Slate, etc. There's more about me in the About Jason tab.
Enter your email below to subscribe to my newsletter for updates on my latest projects, blog posts, and activities, and subscribe to Culture & Curiosities, my Substack newsletter.
Terms & Conditions
Please read all applicable terms and conditions before posting a comment on this blog. Posting a comment constitutes your agreement to abide by the terms and conditions linked herein.