Review of "The Templar Mission to Oak Island and Beyond" by Zena Halpern (Part 1)
Regular readers will remember Zena Halpern, an octogenarian who claimed on The Curse of Oak Island to have access to copies of medieval maps that demonstrate what she believes to be evidence of a voyage by the Knights Templar to map Oak Island and other parts of North America. Halpern is ill with what her friends have described online as a very serious illness, though I have no knowledge of her current health status. Last week Halpern released her long-gestating project, The Templar Mission to Oak Island and Beyond: Search for Ancient Secrets: The Shocking Revelations of a 12th Century Manuscript. As you can tell from the multiple subtitles, the book has some problems with editing. It is self-published, and the rough, unfinished quality of the writing is at times distracting and sometimes infuriating when the author repeats the same thing several times in a row. It needed an editor.
As an editor, I wanted to strike out many sentences, rearrange information, and mark up paragraphs with red pencil notes about missing transitions and unclear writing. As a reviewer, I can only note the problems. Usually, when a book has been professionally written and edited, I have a good idea how it will unfold and can usually guess what each chapter will cover and where the book will end up. Here, it is much more difficult, and more than usual, I am reacting only to what I have read so far, without any clear indication of how it will come together in the parts I haven’t read.
So, be warned: The following are my impressions as I read through the book. Some of these may turn out to be incorrect if the author surprises me with unexpected evidence later in the volume.
Halpern’s tale, such as it is, relates to the alleged secret voyage of Templar benefactor Ralph de Sudeley, whom fringe historian Graham Phillips once accused of discovering the Ark of the Covenant and hiding it in England. According to Halpern, Ralph made a clandestine trip to Hunter Mountain, New York from 1178 to 1180 to retrieve secret scrolls, and he wrote an account in a diary that spent five centuries hidden in an Italian monastery. Halpern opens the book by saying that her sources for this story are “shady characters” and that the Freemasons, the Vatican, and the CIA are all “involved” in the search for the secret Templar scrolls.
Halpern says that she has spent a decade chasing the story, and that it is incomplete. A second volume (!) is planned, but she chose to present the incomplete material because “I can wait no longer to share this with the world.”
The book proper opens with a 1984 account by a man named William D. Jackson of events that allegedly transpired off Bannerman Island in the Hudson River, about fifty miles north of New York City, in 1968. Jackson admits to stealing decorative stonework from the ruins of Bannerman Castle, a Gilded Age faux-Scottish castle on the island, and he claimed that a year later he found inside one of the decorative elements a box capped with a circular disc with crude astrological symbols and writing in Theban, a Latinate alphabet invented in the sixteenth century and used by alchemists as a cipher. Inside the box, Jackson claimed to find several small geometric objects, most of which are now conveniently lost. Without explaining the source or providing documentation, Halpern alleges that the box was purchased in 1906. Halpern posted a photo of the circular brass disc here.
Conveniently, Jackson did not admit to the theft until after the five-year statute of limitations had passed. However, it is convenient that he alleged that the theft took place in 1968, when the stolen goods belonged to the Bannerman family, since in 1969 the property reverted to the State of New York, who would be more inclined to press charges for criminal possession of stolen property.
The facts and the speculation are so entwined that it is a bit difficult to present Halpern’s conflated story without the speculative aspects. The above are the facts, insofar as Halpern warrants them to be true. The speculation is bizarre: Castle-builder Francis Bannerman VI (described, weirdly, in biographies as “a great lover of boys”) was of Scottish birth, so Halpern connects him to the Scots who may or may not have received the exiled remnants of the Knights Templar after the French King and the Pope suppressed the order in 1307. Bannerman might have been connected to the Templars, Halpern thinks, through six centuries of secret societies, and these in turn must have had access to Templar secrets because of a manuscript, uncited and unquoted, that alleges that the Templars fled with troves of documents. She only says that this text is in the National Library in Paris.
Bannerman, in reality, was a known eccentric with vaguely mystical beliefs typical of his time, and echoes in odd ways the tyrant who built Hill House in Shirley Jackson’s The Haunting of Hill House since both men ensured that their homes had not a single right angle. He seems like the kind of person who would have enclosed an artifact in a boundary marker, as the Victorians were wont to do, but the photographs of the brass object look a lot like something that someone in the middle twentieth century crafted as an “occult” piece. Either way, the question is what evidence Halpern has that it dates back to the time of the Templars—a time before the “Theban” alphabet can be shown to have existed. Halpern believes, without evidence, that the Templars brought Theban to Padua in the 1100s, from which place it spread to alchemists. Odd that no evidence of it survives before the Renaissance.
Halpern did not consult with a historian or an archaeologist or even an astrologer about the brass box. Instead, she presented the brass box to an Air Force remote image analyst and fringe historian Richard Moats. Both the author and Moats publish on Ancient America, a fringe history blog. Moats looked at a photograph of the object and determined that it was a secret navigation aid used by Europeans to reach ancient America, claiming that navigators “could have used it to make a transatlantic voyage from Western Europe or Africa to the Americas and return home to sail another day.” At no time did Moats actually have access to the object.
Based on drawings Jackson made of a copper disc (now lost) within the brass box, Halpern concludes that the scrawls and squiggles on the disc “clearly portray a voyage.” Your mileage will vary depending on whether you see the lines as representing Florida or a penis, and whether you believe a dotted line must indicate seaward travel. Halpern reads into the crude shapes a map of the Atlantic Ocean, which it vaguely and inaccurately resembles, and she says that the reverse of the disc show a voyage from Florida to Oak Island, but without the original, the 1984 drawing of an object that Jackson seems to have lost sometime after 1969 is rather pointless. Anyone could have drawn anything at any time. Even if we assume what Halpern assumes, the voyage seems to terminate farther north than Nova Scotia, around Labrador, which in the 1960s was famously the location where Vikings were finally proved to have lived in North America. The “map”—if that is what it was—seems very similar to fringe history claims about trans-Atlantic voyages to America popular in that era. This seems to be confirmed by a second object, a rectangle of copper, which has the name Quetzalcoatl and coordinates for Mexico. This reflects the popular claims about Vikings and/or Templars in Mexico that originated with Eugène Beauvois and spread from him into the broader fringe history community in the middle twentieth century.
The disc and the rectangle show an octopus with five arms, and Halpern alleges—again without evidence—that this octopus is identical with the Quinotaur, the five-horned bull of Frankish mythology (Chronicle of Fredegar) that allegedly spawned the Merovingian line. The Quinotaur is believed to be a Christianization or Christian adaptation of Neptune, with his two bull’s horns and three-spiked trident, but Halpern, differing from nearly all scholars and all artistic depictions of the bull-fish creature for 1,300 years, instead makes him into an octopus. This seems to be an extension, again, of claims by Phillip Gardner, who alleged that the Quinotaur was actually a bull-serpent hybrid, based on Pictish rock art of practically no relevance to Frankish legends.
The L-shaped object is just silly. It shows stick figures, some wearing feathers on their heads (!), fighting around some upside-down V’s, presumably crudely representing mountains. A final object, a gold triangle, was inscribed with the name of Quetzalcoatl and the Portuguese term Angra Pequena, the name of a small cove in West Africa. Jackson claimed that he had the gold “tested” and it dated between 1000 and 1200 CE. The copper objects, Jackson said, were tested and dated to 1700 CE, though I am not sure what methods would allow for such testing in 1984, nor can Halpern explain why such test results weren’t preserved in Jackson’s notes, being rather important to the argument.
Oh, and just for the fun of it: Jackson claimed to work for the super-secret Spartan Agency, an off-the-books group hired to do the work the CIA can’t officially do. Sure it is. (I can find no record of it outside of video game and slash fan fiction sites, where the name has appeared for fictitious agencies. Several property management and literary agencies have also used the name.) A few years ago, the Spartan Agency’s Portuguese liaison “translated” a “Theban” document found with the brass box, and discovered Jesus Holy Bloodline names in a document allegedly first reported in 1984, two years after The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail became a bestseller and spawned the Bloodline frenzy. Frankly, I am not yet convinced that any of this material goes back as far as 1984, let alone 1968 or to the Templars. I will need to see evidence documenting the existence of any of this prior to a decade ago.
At the end of chatper 1, Halpern descends into a strange fog of conspiracy, alleging that she was being stalked by operatives of the “Spartan Agency” who were trying to intimidate her into silence. This intimidation supposedly took place between 2009 and 2011, during a period when Jesus Bloodline claims, Templar voyages, and other nonsense were quite commonplace thanks to The Da Vinci Code. I can’t help but think that someone was having a laugh at Halpern. Perhaps there was an original hoax from the 1960s or 1980s, but without original materials to examine, we only have Halpern’s word to go on. From her writing, it is clear that she is not a reliable narrator. She is suffused with conspiracy theories and appears quite credulous and gullible. I am afraid this book is sad rather than interesting because of it, and I wish the History Channel and The Curse of Oak Island had not exploited her.
Tomorrow I will continue with chapter 2 and see if Halpern provides any evidence for these quite unbelievable claims.
4/6/2017 12:25:42 pm
Hmmm, a shiny metal planet (brass instead of gold) with some kind of mystic writing on it that leads to some kind of fervor, does sound familiare, but not because of Templars. Said metal plate ends up vanishing completely, but aid discoverer goes on to create some sort of cult following, but in this case, not really. Also tossed in is that da Vinci code book? Might as well toss in pictures of the Voyager space probe disc, and the Mormon golden plates of Smith, also from NY, for good measure. Heck toss in the Ark of the Covenant. This story sounds like a very base Indiana Jones rip off, or possibly recalled from Young Indiana Jones Chronicles in the 1980s. Also this person likely recalls going to some sort of young life school, and has mixed that up with later going to fringe conventions. Myth is myth, so why not mix them all?
4/8/2017 02:49:11 am
This deserves to be posted on this hate post as well -
4/8/2017 03:13:38 am
"Fake news", Steve? How about this:
4/8/2017 03:46:13 am
Congratulations Merely You,
4/8/2017 03:57:52 am
Except, Steve, it isn't a fake story. You placed great importance on Jason giving attribution to Pulitzer. Since his article in November of last year, no one has come forward to contradict what he said. Seems to me, the problem is between Pulitzer, you, Zena and anyone else that wants to get involved.
4/8/2017 10:02:20 am
Not to mention her health was talked about on COOI the show itself !
Horace T. Quagmire
1/29/2019 07:55:02 pm
12/5/2018 06:51:27 pm
As a Ethographer and scholar of the religious military orders of the crusading period I see this for what it is...fringe New Age conjecture and poor, very poor historical research to the point of lunacy. Sorry to speak ill of the dead, but she was so incorrect to be laughable.
SSGT Michael opatovsky III%
1/8/2020 08:12:48 pm
well..now you've been proven wrong and on Feb 8th my good friend Scott Wolter will piece this all together with artifacts and scrolls found in a lawn ornament recently,found in the Hudson valley along with the brass disc.
1/9/2020 08:22:33 am
EOIN - You are correct and SSGT (Patrick) is full of shit. The small copper disc with map on each side is from a compass found in a cave in N.Y. It came from a Portuguese compass which I studied in 2008 as I have explained many times on Jasons site. The disc is a small part of the assembly as the complete box included all of the cartographers tools. Mr Don Rhu, Scott, Zena and Brody were all buddies. Mr Rhu sent me photos of all the artifacts he received from the late Jackson. From these detail photos which included metal type, and size of each component (approximately 20). I spent about 6 months reproducing the items. After completion I sent a 64 page report to Don. He shared this with Zena and the others mentioned as well as sent it to many others in Europe. I found this out and have watched on the side lines the bull shit these folks have been doing for years. I have all of the compass material findings and a working compass I will be presenting to two groups in March. For your information, The compass was lost in 1511 by Michael Corte Real and was used in 1472 by Michaels father Joao Corte Real. Joao also had a son Jasper. All of the Corte Reals were of the highest order of The Knights of Christ, they were fisherman based in the Azores and protected under the arm of the Portuguese military order. They all attended Henry the Navigators school of navigation. The compass came into play as a tool to construct the Newport Tower and Place the Kensington Rune stone in Mn. The reason the cartographers tools were left in a cave in NY was because they lost the actual load stone from the compass in New Hampshire. The brass disc was not found in a lawn ornament in Hudson valley as Zena stated in her bull shit book. She was also sued by Mr Rhu for false information without proper credit in her book. I will challenge any claim Scott Wolter makes if he uses any information given to Rhu by my confidential report. I have all of it copyrighted at my lawyers advice. I would like to point out that Patric (who goes by many false names) has reported a lot of good information on maps that may help support the 1472 date of the building of the Newport Tower. As for your qualifications the military order or Knights of Christ used the small copper disk to record their daily position as they sailed south to cape Verde and then west to the coast of South America and then north to where the ship was lost in a storm off the coast in 1502. The compass survived along with the crew and other items of religious artifacts which is now documented and shared with academics. These people can not stop their bull shit fabricated stories and it is a shame that they are not held accountable for the same. Even shit will dry up and go away. The brass disc is the recording of 72 days (each dot) and represents 72 miles of travel. The long way around to get to America was because of the 3 mile per current. The brass disk information was transferred to a flat map by a transcriber which was also in the N.Y. box of goodies. Their was a lot of recorded papers where Jackson and others were studying the artifacts including the late Barry Fell, They made drawings and had a lot of speculation which had little to do with the artifacts. As for the bronze disc Scott is going to put together on feb 8th that came from government property without permission in Hudson Valley on an island, I can not wait to see how these assholes can take stolen information from one state and make it fit a copper disc that Mr Ruh reported filed with the government in the state it was found.
4/6/2017 12:28:41 pm
Metal planet should be metal plate, but that would make an awesome name for a fringe book, or a band. I call dibs. Shiny metal planet! Ho yeah.
4/6/2017 09:32:54 pm
You can have dibs on "Shiny Metal Planet" but I am going to trademark the Hooked M visible on side one of the copper disc map.
4/9/2017 06:44:28 pm
So....does "fake hoax" mean it is real?
4/6/2017 12:58:22 pm
I guess I find it all too convenient, every piece of alleged evidence falling into place. Halpern would have done herself a huge favor if she had been more skeptical of the "shady
Peter de Geus
4/6/2017 01:14:30 pm
Two of three glowing Amazon reviews so far, Steve St. Clair and Jay Wakefield. Other names folks will know are listed in the Acknowledgements which can seen as well on Amazon. One of those is Scott Wolter. Back in December last year Scotty did the Jimmy Church radio show (he's a semi regular actually, I think) and he talked about Zena and his knowledge of her documents (which I think he said he's known about for a decade or so) and I copied the following quotes that Scotty had to say specifically about Zena's material. This is Scott Wolter folks, the actual (haha) Scott Wolter:
Peter de Geus
4/6/2017 01:23:10 pm
Found more in my notes - Scott in Pulitzer's review of E2 S4 Curse of Oak Island:
Scott David Hamilton
4/6/2017 01:24:18 pm
I can't wait to find out what scrolls were hidden in 12th century America for Ralph to retrieve.
4/6/2017 02:02:50 pm
"I am afraid this book is sad rather than interesting because of it, and I wish the History Channel and The Curse of Oak Island had not exploited her."
11/12/2018 05:13:35 pm
I found this blog while searching for more information regarding a lawsuit against Zena Halpern. Remember the "Le Formula" document shown on "The Curse of Oak Island" tv show? The document with the same symbols as the mysterious 90-ft stone reportedly found on Oak Island, NS that alluded to buried treasure? Turns out the document has NOTHING to do with Oak Island, other than the symbols from Le Formula may have been used by the man who claimed to decipher the 90-foot stone markings as part of his deception. The Le Formula document was not "found" by Zena Halpern, as she claimed on the show, it was loaned to her in hopes she would research and write about it. When she made public claims it proved French Templars visited Oak Island, the owner of the documents sued her and re-claimed the document. What a sad way for her to live her last days. #ZenaHalpern=Fraud
12/6/2018 09:59:18 am
As I understand it was Don Rhu who had a law suit against the late Zena Hepburn for using information in her book without providing credit to sources of material.
4/6/2017 02:23:22 pm
Jason, a typo: "Air Force remote image analyst and fringe historian Richard Moats" should read "fraud and fringe historian Richard Moats".
4/6/2017 02:53:10 pm
If these guy were really black ops intel, they would not be discussing documents on a web site or in a book. Pretending to be black ops is probably like pretending to say you were in the air force, which is probably a crime, if you were no more than an errand boy in thew mailroom. But even the errand boys probalby could claim they were in something. It's funny how they get to claim they have top secret intelligence, and it's now missing, like that copy of a copy of a photo. Maybe SW only likes his own made up stories.
4/6/2017 05:37:21 pm
I look at that alleged map and see Cthulhu getting ready to eat the US' eastern seaboard. Until given reason to believe otherwise, I my interpretation to be every bit as valid as the Templar voyage claim.
4/6/2017 06:51:48 pm
Hilarious. I love it.
4/7/2017 01:29:52 pm
Not getting ready to eat anything, just scoping out the site for Innsmouth.
4/8/2017 10:30:02 am
I saw close to the same, except Cthulhu has risen (thawed) from the melting Greenland ice pack. I did not however see any penis as Jason did. The map looks like a clear, however crude, modern map of the Atlantic divide. Funny how the dotted line travels the majority of the American eastern seaboard before stopping in Newfoundland.
5/10/2018 03:24:32 pm
The map features a strange design for sure
5/10/2018 03:25:12 pm
4/7/2017 12:34:11 am
Talking about someone needing an editor. I was asked at one time to take a look at a chapter of a vampire novel someone I knew had written. The chapter was thirty-eight typewritten pages long. It had long passages describing in great detail the physical setting in a hospital, down to telling what color the walls were painted and what the place smelled like. It also gave a back story to what turned out to be minor characters, in one case describing one of the nurses not only physical appearance, but where she came from and even what she had eaten that night for dinner. I plowed through it and made a recommendation that a lot of the needless detail be removed. When the author heard my recommendations you would have thought I asked he to kill her children. She went into a forty minute defense of how all the details were necessary to the story. I later found out she submitted her book to an agent who recommended that he had no chance of publication until all of the needless details were removed.
4/7/2017 01:20:01 am
Did she ever seek help for her gender switching issue?
4/7/2017 03:55:10 am
4/7/2017 03:57:29 pm
I'm pretty sure that the "he" refers to the agent, not the author. But there's no need to "seek help" for being non-binary unless it's causing the person DOING it trouble, you know, the rest of the world can suck it.
4/8/2017 06:50:58 pm
"But there's no need to 'seek help' for being non-binary unless it's causing the person DOING it trouble, you know, the rest of the world can suck it."
4/7/2017 07:56:59 am
Minor typo here, I think:
4/7/2017 11:07:54 am
Thanks. I fixed it. That's why editors are so important... It's hard to proofread one's own work!
4/7/2017 11:22:18 am
According to my research William D Jackson doesn't exist. The Bannermans came from Ahoghill, Antrim, Ireland NOT Dundee, Scotland and the Bannerman clan at Scotsweb.com claim the name goes back to the 11th century. It has nothing to do with Robert the Bruce. To make it better the Benevuto Dialogues she claims are written to Prince Henry Sinclair? Were written in 1612 and dedicated to Prince Henry of WALES! Are we really supposed to believe all this?
4/7/2017 11:41:23 am
I couldn't find any record of Jackson, either, but it can be hard to find someone who never did anything important. I'm sure Halpern would claim that the CIA erased him. I'd never heard of the Benvenuto Dialogues, and I wouldn't have known where to look for them. Thanks for sharing the real story behind them. The whole story smells of a fabricated treasure hunt.
12/14/2018 01:17:22 pm
I don't think you should take anything from Monica as "the true story" without cites and references.
4/5/2019 08:37:46 pm
You probably never heard of it because although I read it in college I never heard it referred to as his 'Dialogues'. It's actually a scholarly literary criticism piece called The Paffenger: of Benvenuto Italian, Profeffour of his Native Tongue for thefe nine yeeres in London. To the Illuftrious and Renowmed Prince Henry Heyre apparent to the Kings moft excellent Maleftle of Great Britaine. London Printed by T. S. for John Stepneth and are to be folde at his Shop at the Weft-end of Paules Church 1612.
4/8/2017 10:39:50 am
William, Billy, was the 6th Jackson. Tito's long lost twin. Zena left out that the black ops Spartans were unsuspecting juveniles.
William M Smith
4/9/2017 01:02:50 pm
In 2009 Mr Dru ask me to evaluate a box of artifacts he was awarded by the passing of Mr. Jackson. He sent me detailed photos of each of the artifacts as well as the research Mr Jackson had attempted to identify the artifacts. The photos included a scale for measurement and type of material each item was made from. Zena had recommended to Mr. Rhu that I look at the artifacts
4/9/2017 07:00:17 pm
If anyone really wants to know about the Knights Templar, I suggest following the money. Try this book that looks at actual documents and accounts of the KT to see what their lives were really like.
4/9/2017 10:56:51 pm
that photo doesn't look like the portrayal of a voyage, it looks like a partly eroded magic square of some sort relates to demon conjuring. Very bad. something was going on with whoever had the original stuff Bannerman stole, or with him maybe, but it isn't Templar.
William M Smith
4/10/2017 08:03:13 am
Jason - I suggest you view the paper in Migration and diffusion at the following link before any speculation is made on the objects found in a cave in New York. The small copper disc shown is a daily recording of a journey made to the USA. The metal box the disc was in is a circular compass body the same diameter as the medallion disc that made a compass cover. http://www.migration-diffusion.info/article.php?id=371
3/7/2018 03:30:12 pm
What a trooper! YOU NEED AN EDITOR for your own writing. Then, maybe I wouldn't get distracted at your poor punctuation and misguided grammar. Lol. What a trooper. Haha.
5/10/2018 03:06:42 pm
Obviously the person she obtained this all from was one Lt Col Michael Aquino.....AKA Forrest Fenn
William M Smith
5/10/2018 05:19:27 pm
I have reported on this subject before and assure you the true history of the subject items are far from what Zena claims in her book. The circular disk does exist and has the daily marks that the cartographer made at mid day during the voyage. One side represents the crossing of the Atlantic from Cape Verde to South America. The other side is the south to north east coast voyage of the second leg of the journey. Note: the distance between marks is close to 72 miles. The X on the second side at the top is where the Altamora (ship) sank off the coast of Maine. What she did not show you is the small rectangle piece of copper that showed the lat. and Lon. of the ships location. She also did not tell you the year it sank was 1502 and was captain by Michael Corte Real. If you have Google drive you may be able to link to the real story of these artifacts and their history. (https://drive.google.com/file/d/1_OqDFCFuQ2rxsslAatzUAZmEm2KbxgMR/view)
5/22/2020 08:07:08 pm
Including that supposed brass 'compass' or map, including a photo just gives away the game. As Jason infers, it is a late mishmash of a squared horoscope, a Seal of Solomon sigil, and a Magic Square. Something you can still find in any Occult shop.
5/23/2020 10:01:48 am
CHATLES or whatever your name is, you as well as many others on this site seem to have a place and time for all research work reported on this site. For your information you are correct most of the time. You are correct in the copper disc as explained by the late Zena Helpburn and Don Rhu and well as their team leader Scott Wolter. They are great at picking pieces from research and fabricating bull shit templar stories. When I see you or Jason or his self appointed peer reviewers on this site attack true researchers I will stand ground in defense of my THOR (The Hunters of Ohio Rock) group of qualified researchers. I was ask by Zena in 2007 to look at the artifacts Mr Rue received after the death of Dr. Jackson. I spent 6 months reproducing the heart of the artifacts to prove their function as a lodestone compass and related map making tools left in a cave by a cartographer. Preliminary dating of the artifacts were included that indicated the animal fat in a jar dated to about 500 years old. Over 30 items were included in the box or chest found and taken. I told them it was state property and came from state owned land and should be turned over to the state of N.Y. The chose the opposite direction and have used parts of this to mislead the public in forms of books like all other work by the group that have published works on The Newport Tower, The Westward Knight, The Kensington Rune Stone, The Oak Island map and sword, and the Templar bull shit. The truth is the small copper round disc is from the lodestone compass and consist of the daily recordings of crossing the Atlantic on one side and then traveling up the American coast on the other side. The voyage took 72 days if you count the daily marks and an average day was 72 miles. The THOR group is working with the Portuguese in Portugal as well as in the Azores and museums in America to make sure the true history is reported before it turned into another Templar fake. I will close in saying the key to the identity of the artifacts is the 5 legged octopus on the small round compass disc. This was the mascot symbol of the ship Altamora. The Altamira is the name of the home town in southern Portugal where Joao Corte Real was born in the early 1400s before he attended the School of Navigation in Sagres Portugal and became the highest order of The Knights of Christ. After which he rediscovered the Islands of the Azores and was given govern ship of the western part of Teresita where he established his fishing fleet in Angra. After he made calaim to Vinland in America in 1472 he made many trips to the land of Cod along with his sons. After his death his sons continued the fishing until Casper was lost at sea in 1501. In 1502 Michael sailed in the flag ship The Altamira to the new world in hopes of finding his brother. His ship came to rest off the coast of Maine in a storm, however he and crew were able to make land. No Jason the small copper disc with the 5 legged octopus did not come from a mishmash of something you can find in a cult shop. It came from the copper disc, the copper small tomb stone identified by the cartographer along with the compass disc, it came from the ships brass ring on the ships mast in Nova Scotia museum , however it best came from the BOURNE stone found in Mass, where Michael Corte Real left the fate of the Altamira.
Your comment will be posted after it is approved.
Leave a Reply.
I am an author and researcher focusing on pop culture, science, and history. Bylines: New Republic, Esquire, Slate, etc. There's more about me in the About Jason tab.
Enter your email below to subscribe to my newsletter for updates on my latest projects, blog posts, and activities, and subscribe to Culture & Curiosities, my Substack newsletter.
Terms & Conditions
Please read all applicable terms and conditions before posting a comment on this blog. Posting a comment constitutes your agreement to abide by the terms and conditions linked herein.